The traditional Old World view is that terroir
The combined natural aspects of a vineyard, such as climate, soil, sunlight, and water, that can have a major impact on the overall character and quality of a wine. While no direct English translation exists for this French term, it has long been adopted throughout the wine community.
is paramount and that grape growers and winemakers should strive to have the grapes and wine epxress nature's qualities as closely as possible. These wines are typical of classic wine regions such as France, Italy, and Spain and are marked by "earthy" characterisics rather than "fruity", lower alcohol levels, and higher acidity
Acids occur naturally in grapes, with acidity in a wine referring to its tartness level. It creates a mouthwatering sensation in the mouth and plays a vital role in providing structure and balance in a wine. Wines without enough acidity are often referred to as "flabby" (water, for example, lacks acidity).
. However, more recently the idea of "Old World" style has certainly spread to "New World" winemakers in the US, Australia, and South Africa to name a few.